Organic agriculture is a holistic production management system which promotes and enhances agro-ecosystem health, including biodiversity, biological cycles, and soil biological activity. It emphasises the use of management practices in preference to the use of off-farm inputs, taking into account that regional conditions require locally adapted systems. This is accomplished by using, where possible, agronomic, biological, and mechanical methods, as opposed to using synthetic materials, to fulfil any specific function within the system.
Why Organic Food is Expensive then counterparts
- Organic food supply is limited as compared to demand;
- Production costs for organic foods are typically higher because of greater labour inputs per unit of output particularly with weed removal and because greater diversity of enterprises means economies of scale cannot be achieved;
- Post-harvest handling of relatively small quantities of organic foods results in higher costs because of the mandatory segregation of organic and conventional produce, especially for processing and transportation;
- Marketing and the distribution chain for organic products is relatively inefficient and costs are higher because of relatively small volumes.
- Higher costs of storage of the produce and also loss due to Pests.
- Fungal Infections -even the fungi knows which is good food and they too like Organic food
- Low shelf life -Organic products can perish sooner then chemically grown food.
- Protecting the seed is difficult as they are not commercially made in labs and thus require continous sowing-harvesting cycle to protect.
- Packaging - Organic food needs to be specially packed in airtight packs to avoid damages from climate changes.
As demand for organic food and products is increasing, technological innovations and economies of scale should reduce costs of production, processing, distribution and marketing for organic produce.
Prices of organic foods include not only the cost of the food production itself, but also a range of other factors that are not captured in the price of conventional food, such as:
- Environmental enhancement and protection (and avoidance of future expenses to mitigate pollution). For example, higher prices of organic cash crops compensate for low financial returns of rotational periods which are necessary to build soil fertility;
- Higher standards for animal welfare;
- Avoidance of health risks to farmers due to inappropriate handling of pesticides (and avoidance of future medical expenses);
- Rural development by generating additional farm employment and assuring a fair and sufficient income to producers.
Eating a healthy, balanced Organic diet is an important part of maintaining good health, and can help you feel your best.This means eating a wide variety of foods in the right proportions, and consuming the right amount of food and drink to achieve and maintain a healthy body weight.
Advantages of Organic Food
- Organic foods often have more beneficial nutrients, such as antioxidants, than their conventionally-grown counterparts and people with allergies to foods, chemicals, or preservatives often find their symptoms lessen or go away when they eat only organic foods.
- Organic produce contains fewer pesticides
- Organic food is often fresher because it doesn’t contain preservatives that make it last longer.
- Organic farming is better for the environment.
- Organically raised animals are NOT given antibiotics, growth hormones, or fed animal byproducts.
- Organic meat and milk are richer in certain nutrients.
- Organic food is GMO-free. Genetically Modified Organisms (GMOs) or genetically engineered (GE) foods are plants whose DNA has been altered in ways that cannot occur in nature or in traditional crossbreeding, most commonly in order to be resistant to pesticides or produce an insecticide.
Ideal Balanced diet
There should be a minimum of 5 to 6 small meals daily.
- Your diet should have 50-60 % of carbohydrates like Organic oats, chapatti made of Organic Atta, Organic rice, bread, and potatoes, etc.
- Your diet should have 25-30 % protein.
- Your diet should have 10-15 % of fats which should be a combination of unsaturated as well as saturated fats (oil + ghee).
Ministry of Agriculture and Farmers Welfare (Department fo Agriculture, Cooperation ad Farers Welfare) Through a Gazette notification declared millets as high nutrition food
It was declared that the millets hold great potential in contributing substantially to food ad nutritional security of the country and thus they are not only a powerhouse of nutrients, but also are climate resilient crops and possess unique nutritional characteristics;recent research findings also show that millets cotain anti-diabetic properties and millet based food have low GI and reduces the postprandial blood glucose level and glycosylated haemoglobin; a Committee constituted by the Central Government for examination of inclusion of millets in the Public Distribution System(PDS) for imroving nutritional support has recommended for inclusion of millets in PDS across the country and the same has been accepted by the Central Government.
Therefore, the Central Government declared milets comprising Sorghum(Jowar), Peark Millet (Bajra), Finger Millet (Ragi/Mandua), Minor Millets i.e., Foxtail Millet(Kangani/Kakun),Proso Millet(Cheena),Kodo Millet(Kodo),Barnyard Millet(Sawa/Sanwa/Jhangora),:Little Millet(Kutki) and two Pseudo Millets (Black-wheatKuttu) and Ameranthus (Chaulai) which have high nutritive value as "Nutri Cereals" for production, consumption and trade point of view.